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About Split

Split, an ancient Roman city, developed from Diocletian’s Palace which was built by the Roman emperor Diocletian more than 1700 years ago. The emperor had this massive palace built to spend the remaining years of his life after abdication. Diocletian’s Palace and many other monuments from the Roman times are still preserved. The importance of Diocletian’s Palace far transcends local significance because of its level of preservation and the buildings of succeeding historical periods built within its walls, which today form the very heart of old Split. Many of Split’s historical and cultural buildings can be found within the walls of Diocletian’s Palace. In addition, numerous museums, the National Theatre, and old churches and other archeological sites in the Split region make it an important cultural attraction. The cathedral is situated within the palace. It was built upon Emperor Diocletian’s mausoleum in 7th century, and it received its name after the patron saint of Split, St. Dujam. In the preserved parts of the palace and in the palace basements, various manifestations take place, such as Diocletian’s evenings and the evenings of local music. Especially impressive have been the performance of Verdi’s opera Aida on the Peristyle during the Split Summer Festival. Today Diocletian’s palace is unique in the world because it is still inhabited. Life has been going on in the palace for some 1700 years. Split’s growth became particularly rapid in the 7th century, when the inhabitants of the destroyed Greek and Roman metropolis Salonae (present-day Solin) took refuge within its walls. The lovely ruins of Solin outside the city can still be explored today. In the Middle Ages, Split was an autonomous commune. Split is the economic and administrative center of Middle Dalmatia, with about 300,000 inhabitants. It is also the jumping-off point for exploration of the coast and islands of the beautiful Croatian Adriatic. Split is a busy port, with an international airport and regular ferry services with the nearby islands, the north and south Adriatic, Italy and Greece. The merchant and passenger ships of the Split shipyards may be encountered in almost all the seas of the world. In addition, the city has large chemical works, metallurgy plants, and workshops for the production of solar cells. The fertile fields around Split represent a good base for agriculture, while cultural monuments, superb landscapes and unparalleled seascapes make it a tourist’s wonderland. Split is also a university seat and host to numerous scientific institutions.

Did you know…

…that Diocletian’s palace was built around 295 and that it is the only preserved roman palace in the world still inhabited?

Sights

  • Diocletian’s Palace, Split – It was built by Roman emperor Diocletian around 295 and he spent the last years of his life in it. Gradually, the city of Split developed around and within the palace walls.
  • St. Dujam’s Cathedral, Split – It was built on Emperor Diocletian’s mausoleum. An Egyptian sphinx from the 2nd century BC lies at the very entrance to the cathedral, and the other is situated near the St. John’s church –Jupiter’s temple.
  • Ancient Salona, Solin – The remains of the ancient town of Salona, the capital of the Roman province Dalmatia. Present-day Solin still holds the preserved remains of the arena, the spas and many other localities of ancient Salona.
  • Klis fortress, Klis – The fortress is situated above Split and it protected the city from Turkish attacks.
  • St. John’s Cathedral, Trogir – The cathedral contains the famous Romanic portal made the great Croatian sculptor, Master Radovan.
  • City walls and the Kamerlengo fortress, Trogir – Medieval walls date back from the 14th century and the fortress used to house armies. Today in the fortress you can find a summer stage and a memorial park.
  • The Cetina river, Omiš – slow and paced rapids, refreshing lakes, Mediterranean vegetation, unexplored caves and recreational activities are the main reasons why this river attracts numerous tourists.
  • Marjan city park, Split – This Mediterranean vegetation park above Split offers a spectacular view of the sea and the Split promenade “The Riva”.
  • Kastela Crljenak – autochthonous wine sort which was taken to The United States of America in the 19th century, and is cultivated there under the name of Zinfandel.

Gastronomy

  • Grilled fish spiced with olive oil, garlic and parsley
  • Dalmatian pašticada – baby beef meat stuffed with bacon, garlic and cloves prepared in red wine
  • Dalmatian prosciutto and cheese
  • Dalmatian fritule – local type of doughnut made from pastry, brandy and raisins cooked in hot oil
  • Veal and potatoes baked under the bell with vegetable salads
  • Split’s folk restaurants in the Varoš district in the city centre which offer tasty local dishes
  • Soparnik – a local specialty from the Omiš area made from pastry, spinach and garlic

Adventure

  • Extreme tourism, speleo-adventure – Discover the magic world of the underground: the caves, grottos and pits in the Split and Omiš region
  • Nautics – marinas in Split, Kaštel Sućurac and Trogir
  • Sailing
  • Diving (diving clubs in Split, Trogir and Omiš)
  • Rafting on the Cetina river near Omiš
  • Tennis (tennis courts in Split, Stobreč and Omiš)
  • Water sports
  • Hiking and free climbing, cannoning in the canyons of the Cetina river

Excursions

  • Rafting on the Cetina river near Omiš – in the last few year it has become one of the favourite recreational activities for tourists and adventurers who spend their holidays on the Adriatic coast
  • Pilgrimage to Međugorje – Međugorje is one of the most known and visited holy sights in the world
  • Dubrovnik – one of the most significant cultural and tourist centres of Europe, famous for its old town centre with numerous cultural and sacral monuments
  • Visit to the islands of Brač, Hvar and Vis
  • Sinj’s Alka, Sinj – a knights’ competition game with a 300-year-long tradition that annually takes place in the first week of August

Fun & Nightlife

Visit the 1700 year old city, go back in time with Diocletian’s evenings in the basements of the palace, be a part of the festival atmosphere of the authentic Dalmatian song in Omiš and Kastel Kambelovac or enjoy concert evenings and other events that take place within the ancient walls. You will find numerous restaurants and cafes for pleasant socializing on the rivas in Split and Trogir and in the city centres. Head to Split’s surrounding area and be sure to check out Sinj’s Alka – a knights’ competition traditionally held on the first Sunday in August in the honour of Sinj’s victory over Turks in 1715. If you wish to go back even further in time, to the Stone Age, visit the Kremenko (Flintstones) Tavern in a cave above Omiš, in a small village called Svinišće. In all small towns on the Split Riviera fishermen’s festivities and many restaurants for everyone’s taste will welcome you, and young people can have fun in discothèques and night clubs in Split, Trogir and Omiš.

Microclimate

Number of sunny hours per year
  • 2620,3 hr
Average air temperatures
  • January – 7,8 °C
  • August – 25,4 °C
Maximum air temperatures
  • January – 17,4 °C
  • August – 38,1 °C
Average sea temperatures
  • January – 11,5 °C
  • August – 23,5 °C
Number of hot days > 25 °C
  • May – 8
  • June – 22
  • July – 29
  • August – 29
  • September – 16

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